HTML - Introduction Published: Monday, November 3, 2003
What is HTML?
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is the publishing language of the World Wide Web (WWW). HTML is written in English (uses English words) and have standardized tags and elements, which the web brower understands. The web browers translate the HTML code into a viewer friendly web page.
What is a web browser?
How to view the HTML code for this web page?
Depending on your browser select 'View' and then 'Source' on your browser. This will display the HTML code for this web page.
How to create a HTML page?
Creating HTML is very simple. You need a text editor like 'Notepad', which comes free with your computer (if using Windows). Open the text editor and type in the following lines of HTML code.
<html> <head> <title>Welcome</title> </head> <body> <h1>Hello World! Welcome to my website.</h1> </body> </html>
Save the text file with a name 'index.html'. You can also use the extension '.htm'. Open a web browser, click on 'File' and select 'Open'. Select the file you just saved from the directory where you saved. You now can see your webpage in the browser and your first 'Hello World' HTML page is ready. You can see the title of the page on the top bar of your browser.
Understanding the HTML tag.
A HTML tag is enclosed within a < and > sign. For example <b> is a starting bold tag. Similarly an end tag is enclosed within </ and > signs (e.g. </b>) . The slash makes it the end tag.
Understanding the HTML code above.
A HTML document is enclosed within a <html> start tag and a </html> end tag. It is divided into a head section (here, between <head> and </head>) and a body (here, between <body> and </body>). The title of the document appears in the head (along with other information about the document) between the <title> and </title> tags, and the content of the document appears in the body. The body in this example contains one sentence between header <h1> and </h1> tags.
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